Energy Companies at the Heart of Power Expansion
The Jubilee government’s approach to energy has been ‘Power to all’. Connecting each and every household to electricity by 2020 has been the main agenda.
The Rural Electrification Authority (REA) was created to accelerate the pace of rural electrification in the country.
The government has revamped the rural electrification programme to take electricity to every village.
The government has since 2013, connected 55 per cent of Kenya to power up from 27 per cent. Next year, the ministry aims to raise that number to 70 per cent.
Only 8200 schools had access to electricity by 2013, but now 22,245 schools are connected this has made it easier to connect neighboring villages.
The Energy Regulatory Commission (ERC) is tasked with regulating electricity and petroleum. It also protects the interests of consumers, investors and other interests; maintains a list of accredited energy auditors and monitors to ensure implementation of the principles of fair competition in the energy sector.
The Jubilee government has encouraged an enabling environment for partnership with the private sector in the development of energy.
Kenya Power owns and operates the electricity transmission and distribution system and sells electricity to over five million customers.
The company’s key mandate is sufficient electricity distribution; building and maintaining the power distribution.
Kenya Electricity Transmission Company (KETRACO) was established to develop new high voltage electricity transmission infrastructure that form the backbone of the National Transmission Grid.
Its mandate is to plan, design, build, own, operate and maintain high voltage electricity transmission grid and regional power interconnectors that will form the backbone of the National Transmission Grid.
The company has begun the construction of the 4,000 km high voltage transmission infrastructure comprising lines, switch gears and sub-stations across the country.
This will open up areas which are not in the national grid, enhance capacity for evacuating power from generating plants and build inter-connectors to facilitate power trade with neighboring countries.
Kenya Electricity Generating Company Limited (KenGen) is the leading electric power generation company in Kenya, producing about 80 per cent of electricity used in the country.
The company taps various sources to generate electricity, ranging from hydro, geothermal, thermal and wind. Hydro is the leading source, with an installed capacity of 819.9MW, which is 51 per cent of the company installed capacity.
Geothermal comes second with 463.1MW and another 55.6MW from the innovative wellheads technology, raising geothermal capacity to about 32 per cent of the total capacity.
‘Nexus’ is the Government newsroom that communicates transformation.